DOI: https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2019.2531712

Biomecánica de los árboles: crecimiento, anatomía y morfología

Gustavo Vargas-Silva

Resumen


Los árboles son los seres vivos más grandes y pesados que han poblado la Tierra. Para conseguirlo, cuentan con la madera (un material estructural excepcional) y con un sinnúmero de estrategias de diseño. Este trabajo es una revisión del estado del arte relacionada con las estrategias más importantes de crecimiento, anatomía y morfología que tienen los árboles, destacando conceptos generales relacionados con atributos estructurales que tienen que ver con la biomecánica de las plantas. Asimismo, este artículo resalta las características de los materiales naturales vegetales que poseen una organización jerárquica y que, en su mayoría, son materiales compuestos reforzados con fibras, materiales con estructura celular o ambos, como la madera.

Palabras clave


biomecánica de las plantas; comportamiento estructural; materiales vegetales

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Referencias


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Madera y Bosques, Vol. 26, Núm. 2, Verano2020, es una publicación cuatrimestral editada por el Instituto de Ecología, A.C. Carretera antigua a Coatepec, 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver. C.P. 91070, Tel. (228) 842-1835, http://myb.ojs.inecol.mx/, madera.bosques@inecol.mx. Editor responsable: Raymundo Dávalos Sotelo. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo 04-2016-062312190600-203, ISSN electrónico 2448-7597, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización de este Número, Reyna Paula Zárate Morales, Carretera antigua a Coatepec, 351, Col. El Haya, Xalapa, Ver., C.P. 91070, fecha de última modificación, 12 de mayo de 2020.

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