Vol. 26 Núm. 1 (2020): Primavera 2020
Artículos Científicos

Uso del modelo 3-PG para la predicción de biomasa de eucalipto en Jalisco, México

Aurelio Guevara-Escobar
Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro
Biografía
Mónica Cervantes-Jiménez
Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro
Biografía
Humberto Suzán-Azpiri
Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro
Biografía

Publicado 2020-03-30

Palabras clave

  • carbon stock,
  • leaf area,
  • evaporation,
  • commercial plantations
  • almacén de carbono,
  • área foliar,
  • evaporación,
  • plantaciones comerciales

Resumen

La modelación de la biomasa en plantaciones forestales es una alternativa para cuantificar el carbono almacenado en la vegetación. Las predicciones son importantes para las decisiones productivas o para los esfuerzos de mitigación de cambio climático. Un aspecto importante es la relación de la humedad de suelo (q) con la biomasa. Se usó el modelo 3-PG para determinar la producción de biomasa en distintos escenarios de q en una plantación de Eucalyptus globulus en un clima subtropical. De 2007 a 2009 se midió q en el perfil 0 m -1.8 m, índice de área foliar y diámetro a la altura del pecho. Se midió la precipitación y se estimaron la evapotranspiración de cultivo y potencial para un año con base en el balance hídrico, con valores de 959 mm, 514.3 mm y 1303 mm respectivamente. La biomasa modelada no fue afectada por q al inicio del año, pero sí por la q mínima del suelo. Los modelos para el índice de área foliar y la evapotranspiración sobreestimaron los datos observados. La biomasa a los ocho años se estimó en 165.5 Mg ha-1, de la cual, 23.1 Mg ha-1 se almacena en raíces y 59.5 Mg ha-1 en biomasa aérea. Concluyendo, los datos de la humedad mínima del suelo son necesarios para modelar el diámetro a la altura del pecho y es preferible el ensamble de modelos en comparación con escoger un solo modelo o usar el promedio de ellos.

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