Número Especial 2014. XX Aniversario
Artículos Científicos

Issues and Challenges of Mangrove conservation in the Anthropocene

Ariel E. Lugo
USDA Forest Service International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Biografía
Ernesto Medina
USDA Forest Service International Institute of Tropical Forestry. Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas.
Biografía
Kathleen McGinley
USDA Forest Service International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Biografía

Publicado 2014-12-05

Palabras clave

  • carbon fluxes,
  • climate change,
  • community participation,
  • ecophysiology,
  • mangrove cover and cover change,
  • novel ecosystems,
  • oligo and eutrophy,
  • protected areas,
  • salinity stress
  • ...Más
    Menos
  • flujos de carbono,
  • cambio climático,
  • participación de la comunidad,
  • Ecofisiología,
  • cubierta de manglares y cambio de cubierta,
  • nuevos ecosistemas,
  • oligo y eutrofía,
  • áreas protegidas,
  • estrés de salinidad
  • ...Más
    Menos

Resumen

This essay addresses the conservation issues facing mangroves in the Anthropocene, defined as the era of human domination over the world. We review the laws, policies, international agreements, and local actions that address the conservation of mangrove forests in the Neotropics and relate them to the Anthropocene. Collaboration between governments, non-governmental organizations, and communities that depend on mangroves for their livelihood will be critical in the Anthropocene. The essay also reviews recent developments in mangrove ecology and ecophysiology that enlighten how mangroves might respond to changes in temperature and rainfall, sea level rise, and other anthropogenic and natural disturbances. Mangroves in the Anthropocene will also face changes in their species composition given the current movement of mangroves species across continental barriers as a result of human activity. These trends will lead to novel mangrove forests and in some cases expand the range of mangroves worldwide. The solution to mangrove persistence in the Anthropocene is not to isolate mangroves from people, but to regulate interactions between mangroves and humans through effective management. We will also have to expand the scope of the ecological analysis of mangrove ecosystems to include the social forces converging on the mangroves through an analytical approach that has been termed Social Ecology.

 

Desafíos de la conservación del mangle en el Antropoceno

 

Este ensayo aborda los problemas de conservación que enfrentan los manglares en el Antropoceno, definido como la época de la dominación humana sobre el mundo. En él repasamos las leyes, políticas, acuerdos internacionales y las acciones locales que se ocupan de la conservación de los bosques de mangle en el Neotrópico y se relacionan con el Antropoceno. La colaboración entre gobiernos, organizaciones no gubernamentales y las comunidades que dependen de los manglares para su sustento será decisiva en el Antropoceno. El ensayo también incluye comentarios sobre los avances recientes en ecología de manglares y en ecofisiología que explican cómo los manglares podrían responder a los cambios de temperatura y precipitación, el aumento del nivel del mar y otras perturbaciones naturales y antropogénicas. Los manglares en el Antropoceno también enfrentarán a cambios en su composición de especies, dado el actual movimiento de especies de manglares a través de barreras continentales como resultado de la actividad humana. Estas tendencias conducirán a nuevas formaciones de manglares y en algunos casos ampliarán la presencia de los manglares en todo el mundo. La solución a la persistencia de manglares en el Antropoceno es no aislar a los manglares de la gente, sino regular las interacciones entre los manglares y los seres humanos a través de una gestión eficaz. También tendremos que ampliar el alcance del análisis ecológico de los ecosistemas de manglar para incluir las fuerzas sociales convergentes en los manglares a través de un enfoque analítico que se ha denominado Ecología Social.

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