Vol. 27 Núm. 3 (2021): Otoño 2021
Artículos Científicos

Efecto del tiempo de almacenamiento en la germinación de Haematoxylum campechianum en Campeche, México

Joel Leonel Euan-Tun
Universidad Autónoma de Campeche
Biografía
Enrique Alfonso González-Durán
Universidad Autónoma de Campeche
Biografía
José Efraín Ramírez-Benítez
Universidad Autónoma de Campeche
Biografía
Pedro Zamora-Crescencio
Universidad Autónoma de Campeche
Biografía
Jorge Albino Vargas-Contreras
Universidad Autónoma de Campeche
Biografía
Ulises Rodríguez-Robles
Universidad de Guadalajara
Biografía
Jane Kelita Enríquez-Hernández
Universidad Autónoma de Campeche
Biografía
José Humberto Caamal-Velázquez
Colegio de Postgraduados
Biografía
José Luis Aragón-Gastélum
Universidad Autónoma de Campeche
Biografía

Publicado 2021-12-30

Palabras clave

  • conservation,
  • fresh weight,
  • palo de tinte,
  • recalcitrance,
  • viability
  • conservación,
  • peso fresco,
  • palo de tinte,
  • recalcitrancia,
  • viabilidad

Resumen

Haematoxylum campechianum L. (Fabaceae), is an economically and culturally important tropical tree distributed across Central America and the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. To contribute to the conservation of this species, it is important to understand the seed germination process; however, research in this subject on H. campechianum remains scarce. We evaluated the relationship between the H. campechianum seed storage time and its fresh weight and germination. Mature seeds were collected in the municipality of Palizada, Campeche, Mexico, from 2016 to 2019, stored at 25 °C and 60%-80% relative humidity until experimentation after the 2019 collection. Seed replicates (10, comprising 25 seeds) were weighed to estimate fresh weight per collection year. Seed viability was determined by means of the tetrazolium test, while germination was carried out in Petri dishes using cotton as a substrate under a 12-hr photoperiod at 25 °C. The seeds collected in 2019 presented a high viability and germination (100% and 98.5% respectively), in contrast with those collected in 2018, which presented a drastic reduction in the values for these parameters (55% and 54%, respectively). Null viability and germination were observed in seeds collected in 2016 and 2017. The seeds collected in 2016 showed the highest fresh weight values than the other years sampled. The results indicate that the viability and germination of H. campechianum seeds were observed to be affected by storage time, the recently harvested seeds presented a higher viability and germination than older seeds. Therefore, the H. campechianum seeds could be recalcitrant because they presented an accelerated ageing process over the collection periods.

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