Biomecánica de los árboles: crecimiento, anatomía y morfología



Palabras clave:

biomecánica de las plantas, comportamiento estructural, materiales vegetales


Los árboles son los seres vivos más grandes y pesados que han poblado la Tierra. Para conseguirlo, cuentan con la madera (un material estructural excepcional) y con un sinnúmero de estrategias de diseño. Este trabajo es una revisión del estado del arte relacionada con las estrategias más importantes de crecimiento, anatomía y morfología que tienen los árboles, destacando conceptos generales relacionados con atributos estructurales que tienen que ver con la biomecánica de las plantas. Asimismo, este artículo resalta las características de los materiales naturales vegetales que poseen una organización jerárquica y que, en su mayoría, son materiales compuestos reforzados con fibras, materiales con estructura celular o ambos, como la madera.


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Biografía del autor/a

Gustavo Vargas-Silva,

Angelo State University

Angelo State University. David L. Hirschfeld Department of Engineering


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Cómo citar

Vargas-Silva, G. (2019). Biomecánica de los árboles: crecimiento, anatomía y morfología. Madera Y Bosques, 25(3).
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