La arquitectura hidráulica de las plantas vasculares terrestres, una revisión

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2019.2531828

Palabras clave:

cavitación, cohesión-tensión, estrés hídrico, potencial hídrico, transporte de agua en las plantas, xilema

Resumen

El transporte de agua en las plantas vasculares terrestres es pasivo y está determinado por la transpiración o pérdida de agua a través de las hojas. La teoría de la cohesión-tensión es la más aceptada para explicar este proceso, y se complementa con la analogía de la ley de Ohm, que analiza el flujo del agua como un proceso catenario. La resistencia al estrés hídrico y a la cavitación está fuertemente asociada con las características anatómicas del xilema, de las punteaduras intervasculares y de sus membranas, estas últimas se alteran en función de las propiedades químicas de la solución acuosa que fluye a través de ellas. Con base en estas premisas, esta revisión aborda el fenómeno del ascenso del agua en las plantas vasculares terrestres y analiza los conceptos, las teorías y los métodos más usados en el estudio de la arquitectura hidráulica. Además, señala las diferencias en la estructura del xilema y el transporte del agua entre dicotiledóneas y monocotiledóneas.

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Biografía del autor/a

Gilberto Alemán-Sancheschúlz,

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza. Unidad de Investigación en Sistemática Vegetal y Suelo. Ciudad de México, México

Eloy Solano,

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza. Unidad de Investigación en Sistemática Vegetal y Suelo. Ciudad de México, México

Teresa Terrazas,

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología. Departamento de Botánica. Ciudad de México, México

Jorge López-Portillo,

Instituto de Ecología, A. C.

Instituto de Ecología, A.C.

Red de Ecología Funcional. Xalapa, Veracruz, México

Citas

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2019-12-13

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Alemán-Sancheschúlz, G., Solano, E., Terrazas, T., & López-Portillo, J. (2019). La arquitectura hidráulica de las plantas vasculares terrestres, una revisión. Madera Y Bosques, 25(3). https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2019.2531828
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