Bioindicadores de suelo asociados a diferentes regímenes de gestión de plantaciones de Cedrela odorata

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2021.2711912

Palabras clave:

acetilesterasa, cedro, bosque, limón persa, fosfatasa, metabolismo del suelo

Resumen

Un buen bioindicador de la salud del suelo es aquel que percibe cambios menores, debidos a modificaciones en el manejo del suelo, y conduce a cambios en los procesos del ecosistema suelo. El objetivo fue evaluar el uso de bioindicadores de suelo en la determinación de la utilidad de dos sistemas diferentes de manejo forestal de Cedrela odorata. El mantillo y el suelo se recolectaron de la rizosfera de un monocultivo (sin fertilización ni irrigación) y un cocultivo (con fertilización e irrigación) con Citrus latifolia. Los bioindicadores de suelo y mantillo medidos fueron: las actividades acetilesterasa (FDA), fosfatasa ácida (AcPh), fosfatasa alcalina (AlkPh) y lacasa. También se estimó la tasa neta potencial de mineralización de carbono (PNRCM). Los resultados indican que las actividades enzimáticas del suelo (FDA y fosfatasas) en el mantillo fueron sensibles a los diferentes sistemas de manejo. La actividad enzimática, por unidad de peso seco, fue mayor en los cocultivos (FDA = 1.05 nkat g-1; AcPh = 1.33 nkat g-1; AlkPh = 3 nkat g-1) que en los monocultivos (FDA = 0.617 nkat g-1; AcPh = 0.40 nkat g-1; AlkPh = 0. 983 nkat g-1). Se encontraron diferencias en la cantidad de nitrógeno total, el contenido de materia orgánica (MO) y los micronutrientes. En general, los cultivos (con fertilización e irrigación) con C. latifolia mostraron los mejores resultados.

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Biografía del autor/a

Enrique Alarcón Gutiérrez,

Universidad Veracruzana

SNI 1, experto en procesos biológicos en suelos.

Christian Hernández,

Universidad Veracruzana

Instituto de Biotecnología y Ecología Aplicada

Terrence Gardner,

Universidad Veracruzana

Department of Soil Science.

José Antonio García Pérez,

Universidad Veracruzana

Facultad de Biología

Anne Marie a Farnet da Silva,

Aix Marseille Université

Aix Marseille Université. Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) / Avignon Université, Institut Méditerranéen de la Biodiversité et d'Ecologie marine et continentale (IMBE)

Isabelle Gaime Perraud,

Aix Marseille Université

Aix Marseille Université. Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) / Avignon Université, Institut Méditerranéen de la Biodiversité et d'Ecologie marine et continentale (IMBE)

Isabelle Barois,

Instituto de Ecología, A.C.

Red de Ecología Funcional

Citas

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2021-08-10

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Alarcón Gutiérrez, E., Hernández, C., Gardner, T., García Pérez, J. A., Caballero, M., Perroni, Y., … Barois, I. (2021). Bioindicadores de suelo asociados a diferentes regímenes de gestión de plantaciones de Cedrela odorata. Madera Y Bosques, 27(1). https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2021.2711912
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