Evaluación de la resiliencia ecológica de los bosques tropicales secos: una aproximación multiescalar

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2020.2631983

Palabras clave:

recuperación, resistencia, cambio de cobertura y uso del suelo, percepción remota, estructura

Resumen

La resiliencia ecológica está integrada por dos componentes: resistencia y recuperación. En áreas de bosque tropical seco (BTS) donde se elimina la vegetación para establecer actividades agrícolas, la resistencia de la vegetación a este disturbio antrópico es irrelevante. Sin embargo, una vez que se abandonan los campos agrícolas, los sitios inician un proceso de recuperación de sus atributos ecológicos. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer un marco metodológico para la evaluación de la resiliencia ecológica de los BTS mediante la combinación secuencial de la percepción remota y muestreos en campo, considerando el marco conceptual de la resiliencia y la ecología del BTS. Se plantea que la evaluación de la resiliencia ecológica del BTS tenga las siguientes aproximaciones: (1) la primera incluye un análisis de la recuperación de los atributos del BTS (e. g., cobertura, altura) a nivel regional y de paisaje, mediante insumos de percepción remota (e. g., imágenes de satelite) que muestren el cambio de cobertura y uso del suelo; (2) después, el análisis requiere abordar la recuperación desde una perspectiva a nivel local que implica el análisis de las variables ecológicas más relevantes como la estructura, la diversidad y la función ecológica; (3) finalmente, a partir de los insumos a nivel local, es posible retornar a niveles de trabajo menos detallados (e. g., regional y paisaje) y modelar los datos obtenidos en campo mediante índices de vegetación. Este planteamiento permite evaluar la resiliencia ecológica de un ecosistema y las causas que la promueven a diferentes escalas espaciales.

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Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Guerra Martínez,

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Departamento de Geografía Física, Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510, Ciudad de México, México.

Arturo García Romero,

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Investigador Titular B, Tiempo Completo,Departamento de Geografía Física, Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Miguel Angel Martínez Morales,

El Colegio de la Frontera Sur

Investigador Titular,
Departamento de Conservación de la Biodiversidad, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, México

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2020-11-27

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Guerra Martínez, F., García Romero, A., & Martínez Morales, M. A. (2020). Evaluación de la resiliencia ecológica de los bosques tropicales secos: una aproximación multiescalar. Madera Y Bosques, 26(3). https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2020.2631983
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