Complejidad y transdisciplina: epistemologías para la sostenibilidad

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2018.2431673

Palabras clave:

buen vivir, calidad de vida, complejidad, desarrollo sustentable, sustentabilidad, transdisciplinariedad

Resumen

Este trabajo constituye una revisión teórica de aportes de diversas áreas del conocimiento a lo largo del último siglo hasta la fecha, entre otros: ciencias naturales, ciencias sociales, filosofía, crítica económica y política internacional, para evidenciar coincidencias entre personas que intentan resolver los problemas socio-ambientales que afligen a la humanidad, estrechamente relacionados con la calidad de vida y el bienestar. El documento analiza el debate académico del concepto de sostenibilidad, que se explica como la forma en que cada grupo social construyó un sistema cultural en torno a la relación con la naturaleza; y argumenta a favor de reconocer que la vida humana, la sociedad y, por lo tanto, su economía como un subsistema humano, son completamente dependientes del mantenimiento de ciclos y equilibrios en el planeta Tierra. Los sistemas sociales humanos se ajustan al perfil de un sistema vivo, un sistema autopoiético, un acoplamiento estructural y funcional de unidades autopoiéticas, dinámicas e inestables, que se dirigen a un futuro impredecible. Se ofrecen consideraciones desde la complejidad y la transdisciplinariedad para superar contradicciones aparentes en dogmas fundamentales y epistemológicos. El diálogo de saberes brinda nuevas cualidades y la posibilidad de incluir otras áreas de la cultura, como el arte, la religión, la política, la economía y los negocios. Busca armonizar los criterios de transformación cultural necesarios para enfrentar la crisis mundial que el ser humano enfrenta actualmente. Concluimos que la dinámica del conocimiento humano ofrece oportunidades para superar las limitaciones actuales que enfrentamos al diseñar e implementar una nueva visión del sistema socio-ecológico sostenible a través del espacio y el tiempo, dentro del soporte vital de la Tierra y con la cultura como interfaz entre ecosistemas y seres humanos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Armando Contreras Hernández,

Instituto de Ecología, A.C.

Instituto de Ecología, A.C.

Red Ambiente y Sustentabilidad

Xalapa, Veracruz, México

Dante Ariel Ayala Ortiz,

Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo.

Facultad de Economía "Vasco de Quiroga"

Morelia, Michoacán, México

Octavio Pérez Maqueo,

Instituto de Ecología, A.C.

Instituto de Ecología, A.C.

Red Ambiente y Sustentabilidad

Xalapa, Veracruz, México

Citas

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2018-12-11

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Morandín Ahuerma, I., Contreras Hernández, A., Ayala Ortiz, D. A., & Pérez Maqueo, O. (2018). Complejidad y transdisciplina: epistemologías para la sostenibilidad. Madera Y Bosques, 24(3). https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2018.2431673
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